Effective: February 7, 2022
Your Stuff & Your Permissions
When you use our Services, you provide us with things like your files, content, messages, contacts, and so on ("Your Stuff"). Your Stuff is yours. These Terms don’t give us any rights to Your Stuff except for the limited rights that enable us to offer the Services.
We need your permission to do things like hosting Your Stuff, backing it up, and sharing it when you ask us to. Our Services also provide you with features like eSign, file sharing, email newsletters, appointment setting and more. These and other features may require our systems to access, store, and scan Your Stuff. You give us permission to do those things, and this permission extends to our affiliates and trusted third parties we work with.
Sharing Your Stuff
Our Services let you share Your Stuff with others, so please think carefully about what you share.
You’re responsible for your conduct. Your Stuff and you must comply with applicable laws. Content in the Services may be protected by others’ intellectual property rights. Please don’t copy, upload, download, or share content unless you have the right to do so. We may review your conduct and content for compliance with these Terms. With that said, we have no obligation to do so. We aren’t responsible for the content people post and share via the Services.
Help us keep you informed and Your Stuff protected. Safeguard your password to the Services, and keep your account information current. Don’t share your account credentials or give others access to your account.
You may use our Services only as permitted by applicable law, including export control laws and regulations. Finally, to use our Services, you must be at least 13, or in some cases, even older. If you live in France, Germany, or the Netherlands, you must be at least 16. Please check your local law for the age of digital consent. If you don’t meet these age requirements, you may not use the Services.
Some of our Services allow you to download client software (“Software”) which may update automatically. So long as you comply with these Terms, we give you a limited, nonexclusive, nontransferable, revocable license to use the Software, solely to access the Services. To the extent any component of the Software may be offered under an open source license, we’ll make that license available to you and the provisions of that license may expressly override some of these Terms. Unless the following restrictions are prohibited by law, you agree not to reverse engineer or decompile the Services, attempt to do so, or assist anyone in doing so.
We sometimes release products and features that we are still testing and evaluating. Those Services have been marked beta, preview, early access, or evaluation (or with words or phrases with similar meanings) and may not be as reliable as other non-beta services, so please keep that in mind.
The Services are protected by copyright, trademark, and other US and foreign laws. These Terms don’t grant you any right, title, or interest in the Services, others’ content in the Services, CountingWorks and our trademarks, logos and other brand features. We welcome feedback, but note that we may use comments or suggestions without any obligation to you.
We respect the intellectual property of others and ask that you do too. We respond to notices of alleged copyright infringement if they comply with the law, and such notices should be reported to legal@CountingWorks.com. We reserve the right to delete or disable content alleged to be infringing and terminate accounts of repeat infringers. Our designated agent for notice of alleged copyright infringement on the Services is:
You’re free to stop using our Services at any time. We reserve the right to suspend or terminate your access to the Services with notice to you if:
We won’t provide notice before termination where:
Discontinuation of Services
We may decide to discontinue the Services in response to unforeseen circumstances beyond CountingWorks control or to comply with a legal requirement. If we do so, we’ll give you reasonable prior notice so that you can export Your Stuff from our systems.
Services “AS IS”
We strive to provide great Services, but there are certain things that we can't guarantee. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, CountingWorks AND ITS AFFILIATES, SUPPLIERS AND DISTRIBUTORS MAKE NO WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, ABOUT THE SERVICES. THE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS." WE ALSO DISCLAIM ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Some places don’t allow the disclaimers in this paragraph, so they may not apply to you.
Limitation of Liability
WE DON’T EXCLUDE OR LIMIT OUR LIABILITY TO YOU WHERE IT WOULD BE ILLEGAL TO DO SO—THIS INCLUDES ANY LIABILITY FOR CountingWorks OR ITS AFFILIATES’ FRAUD OR FRAUDULENT MISREPRESENTATION IN PROVIDING THE SERVICES. IN COUNTRIES WHERE THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF EXCLUSIONS AREN’T ALLOWED, WE'RE RESPONSIBLE TO YOU ONLY FOR LOSSES AND DAMAGES THAT ARE A REASONABLY FORESEEABLE RESULT OF OUR FAILURE TO USE REASONABLE CARE AND SKILL OR OUR BREACH OF OUR CONTRACT WITH YOU. THIS PARAGRAPH DOESN’T AFFECT CONSUMER RIGHTS THAT CAN'T BE WAIVED OR LIMITED BY ANY CONTRACT OR AGREEMENT.
IN COUNTRIES WHERE EXCLUSIONS OR LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY ARE ALLOWED, CountingWorks, ITS AFFILIATES, SUPPLIERS OR DISTRIBUTORS WON’T BE LIABLE FOR:
THESE EXCLUSIONS OR LIMITATIONS WILL APPLY REGARDLESS OF WHETHER OR NOT CountingWorks OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES HAS BEEN WARNED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
IF YOU USE THE SERVICES FOR ANY COMMERCIAL, BUSINESS, OR RE-SALE PURPOSE, CountingWorks, ITS AFFILIATES, SUPPLIERS OR DISTRIBUTORS WILL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO YOU FOR ANY LOSS OF PROFIT, LOSS OF BUSINESS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, OR LOSS OF BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY. CountingWorks AND ITS AFFILIATES AREN’T RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CONDUCT, WHETHER ONLINE OR OFFLINE, OF ANY USER OF THE SERVICES.
Let’s Try To Sort Things Out First. We want to address your concerns without needing a formal legal case. Before filing a claim against CountingWorks or our affiliates, you agree to try to resolve the dispute informally by contacting legal@CountingWorks.com. We’ll try to resolve the dispute informally by contacting you via email.
Judicial forum for disputes. You and CountingWorks agree that any judicial proceeding to resolve claims relating to these Terms or the Services will be brought in the federal or state courts of Orange County, California, subject to the mandatory arbitration provisions below. Both you and CountingWorks consent to venue and personal jurisdiction in such courts. If you reside in a country (for example, European Union member states) with laws that give consumers the right to bring disputes in their local courts, this paragraph doesn’t affect those requirements.
IF YOU’RE A U.S. RESIDENT, YOU ALSO AGREE TO THE FOLLOWING MANDATORY ARBITRATION PROVISIONS:
These Terms will be governed by California law except for its conflicts of laws principles. However, some countries (including those in the European Union) have laws that require agreements to be governed by the local laws of the consumer's country. This paragraph doesn’t override those laws.
These Terms constitute the entire agreement between you and CountingWorks with respect to the subject matter of these Terms, and supersede and replace any other prior or contemporaneous agreements, or terms and conditions applicable to the subject matter of these Terms. These Terms create no third party beneficiary rights.
Waiver, Severability & Assignment
CountingWorks failure to enforce a provision is not a waiver of its right to do so later. If a provision is found unenforceable, the remaining provisions of the Terms will remain in full effect and an enforceable term will be substituted reflecting our intent as closely as possible. You may not assign any of your rights under these Terms, and any such attempt will be void. CountingWorks may assign its rights to any of its affiliates or subsidiaries, or to any successor in interest of any business associated with the Services.
We may revise these Terms from time to time to better reflect:
If an update affects your use of the Services or your legal rights as a user of our Services, we’ll notify you prior to the update's effective date by sending an email to the email address associated with your account or via an in-product notification. These updated terms will be effective no less than 30 days from when we notify you.
If you don’t agree to the updates we make, please cancel your account before they become effective. By continuing to use or access the Services after the updates come into effect, you agree to be bound by the revised Terms.
Effective: February 7, 2022
Thanks for visiting our website. Our mission is to create a web based experience that makes it easier for us to work together. Here we describe how we collect, use, and handle your personal information when you use our websites, software, and services (“Services”).
What & Why
We collect and use the following information to provide, improve, and protect our Services:
Account information. We collect, and associate with your account, the information you provide to us when you do things such as sign up for your account, opt-in to our client newsletter or request an appointment (like your name, email address, phone number, and physical address). Some of our Services let you access your accounts and your information via other service providers.
Your Stuff. Our Services are designed to make it simple for you to store your files, documents, comments, messages, and so on (“Your Stuff”), collaborate with others, and work across multiple devices. To make that possible, we store, process, and transmit Your Stuff as well as information related to it. This related information includes your profile information that makes it easier to collaborate and share Your Stuff with others, as well as things like the size of the file, the time it was uploaded, collaborators, and usage activity. Our Services provide you with different options for sharing Your Stuff.
Contacts. You may choose to give us access to your contacts (spouse or other company staff) to make it easy for you to do things like share and collaborate on Your Stuff, send messages, and invite others to use the Services. If you do, we’ll store those contacts on our servers for you to use.
Usage information. We collect information related to how you use the Services, including actions you take in your account (like sharing, viewing, and moving files or folders). We use this information to improve our Services, develop new services and features, and protect our users.
Cookies and other technologies. We use technologies like cookies to provide, improve, protect, and promote our Services. For example, cookies help us with things like remembering your username for your next visit, understanding how you are interacting with our Services, and improving them based on that information. You can set your browser to not accept cookies, but this may limit your ability to use the Services.
Marketing. We give users the option to use some of our Services free of charge. These free Services are made possible by the fact that some users upgrade to one of our paid Services. If you register for our free Services, we will, from time to time, send you information about the firm or tax and accounting tips when permissible. Users who receive these marketing materials can opt out at any time. If you do not want to receive marketing materials from us, simply click the ‘unsubscribe’ link in any email.
We sometimes contact people who do not have an account. For recipients in the EU, we or a third party will obtain consent before contacting you. If you receive an email and no longer wish to be contacted by us, you can unsubscribe and remove yourself from our contact list via the message itself.
Bases for processing your data. We collect and use the personal data described above in order to provide you with the Services in a reliable and secure manner. We also collect and use personal data for our legitimate business needs. To the extent we process your personal data for other purposes, we ask for your consent in advance or require that our partners obtain such consent.
We may share information as discussed below, but we won’t sell it to advertisers or other third parties.
Other users. Our Services display information like your name, profile picture, device, and email address to other users in places like your user profile and sharing notifications. You can also share Your Stuff with other users if you choose. When you register your account with an email address on a domain owned by your employer or organization, we may help collaborators and administrators find you and your team by making some of your basic information—like your name, team name, profile picture, and email address—visible to other users on the same domain. This helps you sync up with teams you can join and helps other users share files and folders with you. Certain features let you make additional information available to others.
Team Admins. If you are a user of a team, your administrator may have the ability to access and control your team account. Please refer to your organization’s internal policies if you have questions about this. If you are not a team user but interact with a team user (by, for example, joining a shared folder or accessing stuff shared by that user), members of that organization may be able to view the name, email address, profile picture, and IP address that was associated with your account at the time of that interaction.
Law & Order and the Public Interest. We may disclose your information to third parties if we determine that such disclosure is reasonably necessary to: (a) comply with any applicable law, regulation, legal process, or appropriate government request; (b) protect any person from death or serious bodily injury; (c) prevent fraud or abuse of our platform or our users; (d) protect our rights, property, safety, or interest; or (e) perform a task carried out in the public interest.
Stewardship of your data is critical to us and a responsibility that we embrace. We believe that your data should receive the same legal protections regardless of whether it’s stored on our Services or on your home computer’s hard drive. We’ll abide by Government Request Policies when receiving, scrutinizing, and responding to government requests (including national security requests) for your data:
Security. We have a team dedicated to keeping your information secure and testing for vulnerabilities. We also continue to work on features to keep your information safe in addition to things like blocking repeated login attempts, encryption of files at rest, and alerts when new devices and apps are linked to your account. We deploy automated technologies to detect abusive behavior and content that may harm our Services, you, or other users.
User Controls. You can access, amend, download, and delete your personal information by logging into your account.
Retention. When you sign up for an account with us, we’ll retain information you store on our Services for as long as your account is in existence or as long as we need it to provide you the Services. If you delete your account, we will initiate deletion of this information after 30 days. But please note: (1) there might be some latency in deleting this information from our servers and back-up storage; and (2) we may retain this information if necessary to comply with our legal obligations, resolve disputes, or enforce our agreements.
Around the world. To provide you with the Services, we may store, process, and transmit information in the United States and locations around the world—including those outside your country. Information may also be stored locally on the devices you use to access the Services.
EU-U.S. Privacy Shield and Swiss-U.S. Privacy Shield. When transferring data from the European Union, the European Economic Area, and Switzerland, We rely upon a variety of legal mechanisms, including contracts with our customers and affiliates. We comply with the EU-U.S. and Swiss–U.S. Privacy Shield Frameworks as set forth by the U.S. Department of Commerce regarding the collection, use, and retention of personal information transferred from the European Union, the European Economic Area, and Switzerland to the United States.
We are subject to oversight by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission. JAMS is the US-based independent organization responsible for reviewing and resolving complaints about our Privacy Shield compliance—free of charge to you. We ask that you first submit any such complaints directly to us via privacy@CountingWorks.com. If you aren’t satisfied with our response, please contact JAMS at https://www.jamsadr.com/eu-us-privacy-shield. In the event your concern still isn’t addressed by JAMS, you may be entitled to a binding arbitration under Privacy Shield and its principles.
If we are involved in a reorganization, merger, acquisition, or sale of our assets, your information may be transferred as part of that deal.
Your Right to Control and Access Your Information
You have control over your personal information and how it is collected, used, and shared. For example, you have a right to:
Your personal information is controlled by CountingWorks, Inc. Have questions or concerns about CountingWorks, our Services, and privacy? Contact our Data Protection Officer at privacy@CountingWorks.com. If they can’t answer your question, you have the right to contact your local data protection supervisory authority.
Third Party Vendors
Amazon Web Services
Updated: June 2020.
strives to ensure that its services are accessible to people with disabilities. has invested a significant amount of resources to help ensure that its website is made easier to use and more accessible for people with disabilities, with the strong belief that every person has the right to live with dignity, equality, comfort and independence.
makes available the UserWay Website Accessibility Widget that is powered by a dedicated accessibility server. The software allows us to improve its compliance with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.1).
Enabling the Accessibility Menu
The accessibility menu can be enabled either by hitting the tab key when the page first loads or by clicking the accessibility menu icon that appears on the corner of the page. After triggering the accessibility menu, please wait a moment for the accessibility menu to load in its entirety.
continues its efforts to constantly improve the accessibility of its site and services in the belief that it is our collective moral obligation to allow seamless, accessible and unhindered use also for those of us with disabilities.
In an ongoing effort to continually improve and remediate accessibility issues, we also regularly scan with UserWay's Accessibility Scanner to identify and fix every possible accessibility barrier on our site. Despite our efforts to make all pages and content on fully accessible, some content may not have yet been fully adapted to the strictest accessibility standards. This may be a result of not having found or identified the most appropriate technological solution.
Here For You
If you are experiencing difficulty with any content on or require assistance with any part of our site, please contact us during normal business hours as detailed below and we will be happy to assist.
If you wish to report an accessibility issue, have any questions or need assistance, please contact customer support.
Increased Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Funding
Affordable Care Act Insurance Premiums
Corporate Minimum Tax
Excise Tax on Corporate Stock Buybacks
Home Solar Energy Credit Extended and Increased
Credit For Energy Efficient Home Modifications
Clean Vehicle Credit
Credit For Previously Owned Clean Vehicles
Credit For Qualified Commercial Clean Vehicles
On August 16, 2022, President Biden signed into law the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 which is a scaled-back version of the prior Biden administration proposals originally included in the Build Back Better Act. The legislation includes a variety of provisions, including substantial green energy incentives, reduction of Affordable Care Act insurance premiums, IRS funding, corporate minimum tax, and more. This article will explore how these provisions will impact individual taxpayers.
Increased Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Funding – The IRS has been underfunded for years resulting in inadequate customer service causing extensive waits to speak with an agent to solve issues with the IRS, and substantially reduced enforcement activities.
Although some of the $79.6 billion supplemental appropriations will go towards improving customer service, the bulk of the appropriation will go towards increased enforcement, according to the Congressional Research Service. However, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has indicated the additional funds will not be used to increase audits of people making less than $400,000 above historic levels.
Drug Pricing - The legislation permits Medicare to negotiate lower drug prices (up to 10 drugs in 2026, another 15 in 2027 and 2028, and another 20 annually starting in 2029) and puts a cap on annual out-of-pocket costs at $2,000.
Affordable Care Act Insurance Premiums – The previously enacted American Rescue Plan temporally included enhanced subsidies for people buying their own health coverage on the Affordable Care Act Marketplaces for the years 2021 and 2022. The Inflation Reduction Act has extended those subsidies for three years, through 2025. These enhanced subsidies increase the amount of financial help for low and middle-income individuals, many of whom were previously priced out of health insurance coverage.
Corporate Minimum Tax – As a fundraiser to help pay for the other provisions, the legislation includes a new corporate minimum tax of 15% that would be imposed on corporations with an average book income of over $1 billion. This provision is projected to raise $258 billion over 10 years.
Excise Tax on Corporate Stock Buybacks – Stock Buybacks are when a company purchases its own shares, resulting in fewer outstanding shares. This tends to benefit corporate executives rather than raising worker wages, research and development, and other productivity-boosting investments. The legislation imposes a 1% tax on stock buybacks. This provision is projected to raise $74 billion over 10 years.
Home Solar Energy Credit Extended and Increased – Before the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act, a resident of a home was entitled to a non-refundable tax credit for the use of solar electric panels, solar hot water, fuel cells, small wind energy, geothermal heat pumps, and biomass fuel property they had installed for the residence. However, that credit was in the process of being phased out by slowly reducing the credit percentage from 30% to 22%, and the credit was scheduled to end after 2023. With this law change, the credit retroactively returns to 30% for the years 2022 through 2032 when it again begins to phase out and ends after 2034. This means those who qualify for the credit in 2022 benefit from a 30% credit rather than the expected 26% under prior law.
Credit For Energy Efficient Home Modifications – This provision provides a non-refundable tax credit for certain energy-saving improvements to a taxpayer’s home. The credit previously expired at the end of 2021, but under the Inflation Reduction Act has been extended and modified through 2032.
The previous lifetime credit limit of $500 has been replaced with an annual maximum credit of $1,200, and the credit percentage increased from 10% to 30%. Although not a complete list, the following are credit limits that apply to various energy-efficient improvements:
$600 for credits with respect to residential energy property expenditures, windows, and skylights.
$250 for any exterior door ($500 total for all exterior doors).
$300 for residential qualified energy property expenses
Notwithstanding these limitations, a $2,000 annual limit applies with respect to amounts paid or incurred for specified heat pumps, heat pump water heaters, and biomass stoves and boilers.
The $1,200 credit amount increased by up to $150 for a home energy audit. A home energy audit is an inspection and written report with respect to a dwelling unit located in the United States and owned or used by the taxpayer as the taxpayer's principal residence, which identifies the most significant and cost-effective energy efficiency improvements with respect to such dwelling unit.
The new law eliminates treatment of roofs as creditable after 2022
The new law adds Air sealing insulation as a creditable expense.
Under the new law, the one making the improvements and claiming the credit need only be a resident of the home and not necessarily the owner.
Clean Vehicle Credit – After 2022 and through 2032, this credit replaces the current plug-in electric vehicle credit and makes significant changes.
Transition Rule: A taxpayer who, after December 31, 2021, and before August 16, 2022, purchased, or entered a written binding contract to purchase, a new electric vehicle and placed that vehicle in service on or after the date of enactment, may elect to treat the vehicle as being placed in service before the date of enactment of the Act. This transition rule allows a taxpayer to apply the prior law to the vehicle. This allows a taxpayer to avoid the modified AGI (income), vehicle price, and other restrictions under the new law.
Credit Amount – Is based upon two amounts (certified by the qualified manufacturer):
Critical Minerals – This portion of the credit is $3,750 and is based upon the percentage of the value of the applicable critical minerals contained in the battery that were:
(i) Extracted or processed in the United States or in any country with which the United States has a free trade agreement in effect, or
(ii) Recycled in North America
Is equal to or greater than the applicable percentage (see applicable percentage below).
Battery Component Requirement - This portion of the credit is $3,750 based upon the percentage of the value of the components contained in the battery that is used in the vehicle that were manufactured or assembled in North America is equal to or greater than the applicable percentage (see applicable percentage below).
Applicable Percentage – The applicable percentages for each year are included in the following table:
Final Assembly Requirement - The Act also requires that final assembly of the vehicle occurs in North America. "Final assembly" means the process by which a manufacturer produces a new clean vehicle at, or through the use of, a plant, factory, or other place from which the vehicle is delivered to a dealer or importer with all component parts necessary for the mechanical operation of the vehicle included with the vehicle, whether the component parts are permanently installed in or on the vehicle. The final assembly requirement applies to vehicles sold after the date of enactment, August 16, 2022.
Not all Vehicles Will Continue to Qualify – Because of the critical mineral, battery, and final assembly requirements, only some of the currently available vehicles will continue to qualify for the new credit.
Manufacturer Limitation - The 200,000-unit manufacturer limit is eliminated for vehicles sold after December 31, 2022.
Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price Limitation - No credit is allowed for a vehicle with a manufacturer's suggested retail price more than the following:
MANUFACTURER'S SUGGESTED RETAIL PRICE LIMITATION
Vans, sport utility vehicles, and pickups
MAGI limit - No credit is allowed for any tax year if the lesser of the modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) of the taxpayer for the:
Current tax year, or
The preceding tax year
Exceeds the threshold amount as indicated in the table below.
Married Filing Joint & SS
Head of Household
MAGI means adjusted gross income increased by any foreign earned income and housing exclusions and excluded income Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Puerto Rico.
New Clean Vehicle Definition –
Minimum battery capacity: 7 kilowatt-hours, up from 4 kilowatt-hours under prior law.
Where the seller of the vehicle furnishes a report to the buyer and the IRS that includes:
o The name and taxpayer identification number of the buyer;
o The vehicle identification number (VIN) of the vehicle, unless, by U.S. Department of Transportation rules, the vehicle is not assigned a VIN;
o The battery capacity of the vehicle;
o Verification that the original use of the vehicle commences with the taxpayer; and
o The maximum Clean Vehicle credit allowable to the buyer with respect to the vehicle.
The term "new clean vehicle" does not include any vehicle placed in service after December 31, 2023, where any of the components contained in the battery of the vehicle were manufactured or assembled by a foreign entity of concern.
The term "new clean vehicle" includes any new qualified fuel cell motor vehicle that also meets the final assembly and report requirements.
Transfer of Credit to The Dealer - A taxpayer on or before the purchase date, can elect to transfer the clean vehicle credit to the dealer who the taxpayer is purchasing the vehicle in return for a reduction in purchase price equal to the credit amount.
Making the election cannot limit the use or value of any other dealer or manufacturer incentive to buy the vehicle, nor can the availability or use of the incentive limit the ability of the taxpayer to make the election.
A buyer who has elected to transfer the credit for a new clean vehicle to the dealer and has received a payment from the dealer in return but whose MAGI exceeds the applicable limit is required to recapture the amount of the payment on their tax return for the year the vehicle was placed in service.
Credit For Previously Owned Clean Vehicles - A qualified buyer who acquires and places in service a previously owned clean vehicle after 2022 and before 2032 is allowed an income tax credit equal to the lesser of:
30% of the vehicle's sale price.
MAGI limit - No credit is allowed for any tax year if the lesser of the modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) of the taxpayer for the:
Current tax year, or
The preceding tax year
Exceeds the threshold amount as indicated in the table below.
Married Filing Joint & SS
Head of Household
MAGI has the same meaning as for the clean vehicle credit.
Previously Owned Clean Vehicle - A previously owned clean vehicle is a motor vehicle:
Model year of which is at least two years earlier than the calendar year in which the taxpayer acquires it.
Original use of which starts with a person other than the taxpayer,
Acquired in a qualified sale, and
Generally meets the requirements applicable to vehicles eligible for the clean vehicle credit for new vehicles or is a clean fuel-cell vehicle with a gross weight rating of less than 14,000 pounds.
Qualified Sale. A qualified sale is a sale of a motor vehicle:
By a dealer,
For a price of $25,000 or less, and
Which is the first transfer since the Act's enactment to a qualified buyer other than the original buyer of the vehicle.
Qualified Buyer. A qualified buyer is an individual who:
Purchases the vehicle for use and not for resale,
Is not a dependent of another taxpayer*, and
Has not been allowed a credit for a previously owned clean vehicle during the three-year period ending on the sale date.
* Even if they have sufficient income to be required to file. Makes no difference if the parent chooses not to claim the child, since the dependency deduction is still "allowable" to the parent.
Transfer of Credit – Follows rules like Clean Vehicle credit transfer rules for vehicles acquired after 2023. Purchasers of previously owned clean vehicles can elect up to the time of sale to transfer the credit to the selling dealer in exchange for cash, or partial payment or a down payment on the vehicle in an amount equal to the credit otherwise allowable to the buyer.
Credit For Qualified Commercial Clean Vehicles - The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 adds a general business credit for qualified vehicles acquired and placed in service after December 31, 2022, and before 2033.
Credit Amount - The per vehicle credit is the lesser of:
15% of the vehicle's basis (30% for vehicles not powered by a gasoline or diesel engine) or
The "incremental cost" of the vehicle over the cost of a comparable vehicle powered solely by a gasoline or diesel engine.
Maximum Credit - The maximum credit per vehicle is:
$7,500 for vehicles with gross vehicle weight ratings of less than 14,000 pounds, or
$40,000 for heavier vehicles.
Qualified Commercial Clean Vehicle
Acquired for use or lease by the taxpayer, and not for resale.
Manufactured for use on public streets, roads, and highways, or be "mobile machinery."
Have a battery capacity of not less than 15-kilowatt hours (7-kilowatt hours for vehicles weighing less than 14,000 pounds) and
Charged by an external electricity source.
Qualified commercial fuel cell vehicles are also eligible for the credit.
Must be depreciable property.
Made by qualified manufacturers, who have written agreements with and provide periodic reports to the Treasury, can qualify.
Research Credit - The legislation increases the limitation on the ability of small businesses to claim the research credit against payroll taxes from $250,000 to $500,000.
This information related the Inflation Reduction Act is preliminary and, in some cases, will require further IRS guidance and regulations. Watch for additional detail in future articles. If you have questions regarding any of these issues, please give this office a call.
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